Daugavpils is Latvia’s second largest city (116 000 inhabitants), and is situated about 230 km south-east of Riga, along the Lithuanian and Belarusian borders.
The city was established around the Dinaburg Fortress, built by the Livonian Order of German Knights in 1275. Daugavpils developed on the crossroads of various cultures and religions. For centuries, it was ruled by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and later the Russian Empire took control.
Over the centuries, city development was strongly influenced by large Russian Old Believer and Jewish populations. During the 18-19th centuries many Jewish people were deported to the Russian Empire borders. Now, Daugavpils is primarily a Russian city as the remaining old Jewish families were killed during Word War II.
Daugavpils is a spacious, green city with a delightfully provincial charm. Despite its quaint atmosphere and low prices, the city possesses fully modern services. Over the last decade an ice-hall, bowling centre, diverse entertainment centres and up-to-date hotels have been built.
Local sights and attractions
Daugavpils Fortress (Early 19th Century): This is the only fortress of its kind within the Baltic States that has been preserved without significant changes.
Historical City Centre: The centre is bound to amaze the visitor, with its architectural diversity and unique brick building facades, sometimes termed “Latgalian Baroque”. It has an Orthodox cathedral, late 19th and early 20th century Catholic and Lutheran churches, as well as the biggest building erected during the first Republic of Latvia – The Concord house.
Nature Park “Daugavas Loki”: Visitors discover pristine nature along the picturesque banks of the Daugava River, which reaches heights of 40 metres in some areas. This park also contains the ruins of the 13th century Dinaburg fortress, and is located on the Daugavpils Kraslava road.
Forest Landscape Park “Pilskalnes Siguldina”: Enjoy an outdoor excursion by exploring the informative trails and hiking tracks where one can discover original wooden sculptures along the landscape. The park is situated in Pilskalne, not far from Daugavpils.
Daugavpils Theatre (LV, RU)
City Center – entertainment centre and bowling (LV, RU, EN)
How to get there
By train: Riga-Daugavpils trains operate four times a day; Riga-Gomel, and Russia trains also operate – see the schedule on the train station link (LV, EN, RU)
By bus: Buses leave every two hours – see the schedule on the bus station link (LV, EN, RU, DE)
By car: The drive takes three to three and half hours
Просмотреть Daugavpils на карте большего размера
Daugavpils Tourism Information Centre
Rigas iela 22a, tel: +371 542 28 18, fax: +371 542 28 18
Official Daugavpils Website (LV, EN, RU)
Daugavpils is the second largest city in Latvia, with population of 116 000. It is located in 200 km from Riga on the border with Lithuania and Belarus. This is a very green city and its services quite meet modern standards. Here are built ice hall, bowling center and many others entertainment establishments. Great influences on the city development have had Russians and Jews, who were sent here in 18-19 centuries. Today the majority of local population are Russians.
Tourist information center: Rigas iela 22a, Phone: +371 65 422 818
How to reach Daugavpils
By train Riga-Daugavpils (4 times a day). Travel time - 3 h 40 min. Schedule on railway website.
bus station website. Travel time - 3h 30min.
By car. Travel time - 3 h.
Mark Rothko Art Center
Mark Rothko – world-known artist, founder of abstract impressionism, was born in Daugavpils. Today in Daugavpils Fortress is situated art-center, dedicated to him. Here you can see originals of his works and know about his biography and art works.
A cozy hotel that is situated in in the heart of the city. Not far from it are railway station and bus station, as well as the best city entertainment centers.
Daugavpils fortress (19th century) was built to defend city from Napoleon army. This is the only fortress in Baltic, which remained without any significant changes. Today here is situated art-center, dedicated to Mark Rothko.
Ice hall is opened all year and fully complies with European standards. Here are often held hockey and figure skating competitions as well as various ice shows.
The theater was founded in the middle of the 19th century and this is the first theater in Latvia. Here are performances on Latvian and Russian languages, for all age groups.
The Russian House
Besides the excursion, during which you can know about Russians community culture, you may visit the Garden of Sculptures – “Fairy Courtyard”. The garden relates to Russian folktales heroes and sculptures were by famous artist and sculptor – Pyotr Khudobchenok. His works were presented to such persons, as Pope John Paul II, Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbachev and George Bush. In addition, you can see other expositions – "Orthodox Faith in Latvia", "Paintings by Pyotr Khudobchenok" and "Gzhel Ceramics".